Optimal Production Quantity Formula

Table of Contents

Get the latest e-commerce industry news, best practices, and product updates!

Optimal Production Quantity Formula Definition

Optimal Production Quantity is the minimum amount of order that has to be produced to avoid excess storage cost and blockage of funds. It is also referred to as Economic Order Quantity (EOQ).

Significance of Optimal Production Quantity Formula

Calculating optimal production quantity is the most effective way to manage inventory. It holds utmost significance in businesses, including: 

  • It minimizes the storage and holding costs
  • The optimal production quantity formula gives you a better understanding of the production
  • It helps you understand the customer’s demand.

Applications of Optimal Production Quantity

Companies using optimal production quantity formulas can easily reduce the deadstock amount and increase company revenue. Some general applications for formula include the following:

  • By implementing the formula, you can keep optimal quantity and reduce the space in your warehouse for a limited time, reducing the holding cost
  • It allows you to have a better look at the production because of the small quantity of inventory
  • Having data on the optimal quantity, you can keep only the required quantity, lower inventory costs, and increase the company’s revenue 

Optimal Production Quantity Formula

Optimal production quantity formula =

Square root of [(2xDxO )]



D = Annual demand for the product

O = Order cost per purchase

H = Annual holding cost per product

Understanding With the Help of an Example

For example, you sell 1000 TVs each year. Your company has to pay ₱4 per unit to hold these TVs in inventory. For this, the order cost turns into ₱2 per purchase. 

The optimal production quantity = Square root of [(2x1000x₱2)/₱4]

= 31.6

Thus, the optimal production quantity is 32 units (approximately) of TVs. 


The optimal production quantity formula helps you manage the inventory and gives you a clear picture of the SKUs present in your warehouse. Moreover, it also helps you cut down your holding cost.

Read more

Get the latest industry news, best practices, and product updates!

Up to $250K USD Credits for Locad Customers!

Sign up today and accelerate your growth with Locad’s Partners. Unlock deals across SaaS, Agencies and more.

Exclusive benefits to ace your e-commerce game this 2023 with Locad’s desk calendar!