Are you thinking about expanding your business into the Philippines market? It’s an enticing prospect. With a population of over 113 million people, the country offers a vast consumer base and a growing economy. However, like any other country, the Philippines has its share of challenges businesses must navigate.
High unemployment and poverty rates, inadequate infrastructure, heavy reliance on fossil fuels, corruption, and limited foreign ownership are just some of the challenges businesses face when entering the Philippine market. These challenges have made it difficult for the country to attract foreign investments and promote economic growth.
The Philippine government has implemented several programs and policies to address the challenges, including the Zero Hunger Task Force and the UN’s partnership. However, businesses still face difficulties navigating government red tape, regulatory uncertainties, and slow infrastructure development.
Furthermore, the country’s ranking in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index has fluctuated, and its complex, slow, and complicated judicial system can inhibit the timely and fair resolution of commercial disputes.
Despite these challenges, the Philippines market offers immense potential for businesses willing to overcome the hurdles. In this article, we will explore the challenges of expanding business in the Philippines market and provide insights into how to navigate them successfully.
The Philippines faces several economic challenges that can impact business operations. High unemployment and poverty rates are a major concern. In 2020, the unemployment rate in the Philippines reached 10.3%, the highest since April 2005, accounting for 4.5 million unemployed Filipinos in the labour force. Poverty rates also remain high, with 16.7% of the population living below the national poverty line in 2018.
Inadequate infrastructure is another challenge for businesses operating in the Philippines. The country lags behind many of its neighbours in infrastructure development, with traffic congestion in Metro Manila being a major problem. Port congestion is also regularly raised as a constraint to business.
The Philippines also heavily relies on fossil fuels as an energy source. In 2019, 73.56% of its energy came from fossil fuels. This reliance on non-renewable energy sources can lead to fluctuations in economic growth rates and can impact businesses operating in the country.
Adding to these challenges, the country’s economic growth rate has been volatile, with a record 10% contraction in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. While the economy is expected to grow by around 5.3% in 2023, according to a report by McKinsey, the World Bank is more pessimistic and expects the pace of expansion to slow to 5.7% in 2023. These economic challenges can make it difficult for businesses to enter and operate successfully in the Philippines market.
Political and Regulatory Challenges
Expanding a business in the Philippines market also comes with several political and regulatory challenges that businesses must be aware of. The government’s bureaucracy and red tape can be a significant obstacle for businesses looking to establish themselves in the country. According to the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business 2022 report, the Philippines ranks 95th out of 190 countries in terms of ease of doing business.
Moreover, regulatory uncertainties and slow infrastructure development can also hinder business growth. The country has been grappling with limited infrastructure development, which has affected transportation, communication, and power supply.
Foreign ownership in the Philippines is limited by the Foreign Investment Negative List (FINL), which restricts foreign ownership in certain industries. The 12th Regular Foreign Investment Negative List (RFINL) was issued in June 2022, providing foreign investors with greater access to the Filipino economy. However, foreign equity is still prohibited in certain industries, such as mass media (except recording and internet).
The judicial system in the Philippines can also be complex and slow, inhibiting the timely and fair resolution of commercial disputes. This can be a challenge for businesses operating in the country. According to the World Justice Project (WJP) Rule of Law Index 2022, the Philippines ranks 97th out of 140 countries in terms of judicial independence, highlighting the need for judicial reforms.
Businesses operating in the Philippines also face environmental challenges. Environmental disasters and the need for sustainable development are major concerns. The Philippines is prone to natural disasters such as typhoons, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions due to its location on the Pacific Ring of Fire1. In 2021, the Philippines ranked fourth among countries most affected by weather-related loss events.
Environmental policies and regulations that affect businesses are also a concern. The Philippine government has passed several policies to address environmental issues, including the Clean Air Act of 1999 and the Philippine Clean Water Act of 2004. However, research has found that the general public doesn’t feel equally informed about these policies outside of cities.
Similarly, the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act requires all local government units to implement a waste management system, which can increase operating costs for businesses. Additionally, the country has committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 75%, of which 2.71% is unconditional, for the period 2020 to 2030 for the sectors of agriculture, wastes, industry, transport, and energy.
Corruption is a pervasive and long-standing challenge in the Philippines. The country’s ranking in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index has fluctuated over the years. In 2022, the Philippines ranked 116th out of 180 countries with a score of 33 out of 100, below the global average of 44.5 12.
Graft and corruption in the government and business sector can impact businesses operating in the country. Anti-corruption efforts by the government and their impact on businesses are also a concern.
Overall, businesses operating in the Philippines or who want to expand into the Philippines market need to be aware of these economic challenges and consider them when making decisions.
Government Initiatives and Programs to Address the Philippines Market Challenges
The Philippine government has been implementing various initiatives and programs to tackle the challenges faced by the country.
The Zero Hunger Task Force is a comprehensive program that aims to eradicate hunger and malnutrition in the Philippines. According to the one out of ten households in the Philippines are food insecure. The poorest regions have been more affected by food insecurity. The three most food-insecure regions (BARMM, Region VIII, and XII) are among the seven poorest regions in the Philippines. The Bangsamoro Administrative Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM), the poorest region in the country, is the only area that recorded food insecurity levels above 30%.
The program focuses on increasing agricultural productivity, improving access to food, and addressing the underlying causes of hunger, such as poverty and lack of education. It also involves the participation of multiple government agencies, non-government organisations, and the private sector to ensure a holistic approach.
The Philippines is also a member of the United Nations and has committed to achieve national development goals and the 2030 Agenda, including the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The UN partnership initiatives are aimed at achieving sustainable development goals in the Philippines, including poverty reduction, universal healthcare, education, and gender equality. The partnership is an opportunity for businesses to align their operations with the UN’s sustainability goals, which are increasingly important to consumers and investors.
Another initiative is “A Social Contract with the Filipino People,” a platform of the Phillippines government that aims to promote good governance and anti-corruption, among other things. Corruption is a significant issue in the Philippines, with the country’s ranking in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index fluctuating between 94th and 115th out of 180 countries. The platform seeks to foster transparency and accountability, which can benefit businesses by promoting a level playing field and reducing regulatory uncertainty.
In addition to these programs, the Philippine government has implemented other initiatives that can affect businesses operating in the country, such as tax reforms, infrastructure development plans, and policies aimed at promoting foreign investment.
However, it is important to note that navigating the government bureaucracy and regulatory environment can still be a challenge for businesses looking to enter the Philippine market.
Tips for Expanding Business in the Philippine Market
Expanding your business in the Philippines can be daunting, but it can be a lucrative venture with the right approach. Here are some tips to help you navigate the challenges of doing business in the Philippines:
- Understand the culture: The Philippines has a unique culture, which can influence how business is conducted. Take the time to understand the local customs, traditions, and values. Building relationships is key in the Philippines, and getting to know your potential partners and clients can pay off in the long run.
- Partner with a local: Finding a trustworthy local partner can help you navigate the complex business landscape in the Philippines. Look for a partner with a strong network and established relationships in the industry you’re interested in.
- Be patient: Doing business in the Philippines requires patience. The bureaucracy can be slow, and building relationships and establishing trust can take time. Be prepared for a longer timeline than you may be used to in other markets.
- Be flexible: The business landscape in the Philippines is constantly evolving, and you may need to be flexible and adapt to changes. Be open to new ideas and approaches, and be willing to pivot your strategy if necessary.
- Invest in marketing: Marketing is essential in the Philippines, where competition can be fierce. Invest in a comprehensive marketing strategy, including digital marketing, social media, and traditional advertising.
By following these tips, you can increase your chances of success in the Philippines market. While it may take time and effort, the potential rewards make it worth the investment.
Local Partners For E-Commerce Sellers In The Philippines
Here are 5 local partners for e-commerce sellers in the Philippines:
Xend: Xend is a logistics and supply chain solutions provider that offers a wide range of services, including warehousing, fulfillment, last-mile delivery, and cross-border shipping.
Ninja Van: Ninja Van is a last-mile delivery provider that offers a variety of services, including cash on delivery, next-day delivery, and international shipping.
Paymaya: Paymaya is a mobile wallet and digital payments provider that offers a variety of services, including online payments, in-store payments, and money transfers.
GCash: GCash is a mobile wallet and digital payments provider that offers a variety of services, including online payments, in-store payments, and money transfers.
How Locad Can Help You Start Your E-Commerce Business in the Philippines?
As an e-commerce entrepreneur looking to expand your business into the Philippines, you’ll face numerous challenges, from navigating the complex regulatory environment to establishing a supply chain network and managing your logistics operations. However, you don’t have to face these challenges alone.
Locad is a technology-driven logistics provider helping e-commerce businesses expand their operations into new markets. With our expertise in the Philippine market, we can help you navigate the country’s unique business landscape and succeed in this vibrant and rapidly growing market.
Our end-to-end logistics solutions cover every aspect of your e-commerce operations, from warehousing and inventory management to order fulfillment and last-mile delivery. With our proprietary software, we can provide real-time visibility into your inventory, shipments, and order fulfillment, enabling you to make data-driven decisions and optimise your supply chain network.
Whether you’re just starting your e-commerce business in the Philippines or looking to scale up your operations, Locad can provide you with the logistics solutions you need to succeed. With our proven track record of helping businesses expand into new markets, you can trust us to be your partner in success.
In conclusion, expanding a business in the Philippines market can be a challenging but rewarding endeavour. The Philippines market offers great potential with a young and growing population, a strategic location, and a robust economy. However, it also presents challenges such as bureaucratic hurdles, cultural differences, and infrastructure limitations.
It is crucial for businesses looking to expand in the Philippines market to understand the local business landscape, build relationships with local partners, and adapt to the unique cultural and regulatory environment. This requires a deep understanding of the market, strong local connections, and the ability to navigate complex regulatory requirements.
Locad is a company that understands the challenges of expanding in the Philippines market and has developed a comprehensive suite of logistics solutions to help e-commerce businesses overcome these challenges. With its deep local knowledge, technology-driven approach, and extensive network of partners, Locad is well-positioned to help e-commerce businesses succeed in the dynamic and rapidly growing Philippines market.