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What is Inventory?

Inventory in e-commerce is the amount of ready-to-ship products that a brand owns at a certain point in time. It is a dynamic list that changes daily as per the inflow and outflow of products. First-in, first-out (FIFO), last-in, first-out (LIFO), and weighted average methods are three of the primary inventory management practices. 

Significance of Inventory in an E-commerce Shipping and Delivery

E-commerce businesses depend on inventories to earn revenue and increase net profit. The primary benefits of having inventory are listed below.

  • Real-time estimation: Inventory in e-commerce shipping allows a company to understand its potential to take orders and subsequently fulfill these orders. These insights allow a company to regulate its marketing and order acceptance rate.
  • Cost calculation and profit optimization: The raw materials required to manufacture a product are also listed in an e-commerce inventory. It allows a company to calculate product’s manufacturing cost while helping them price the product per the desired profit margin.  

How Inventory Works and Prerequisites for Inventory

An inventory’s prerequisites are acquiring or renting out a storage unit and having a dedicated system to update the list in real-time.

Inventory management works in the following ways:

  • FIFO: Products that are shelved first are dispatched first. 
  • LIFO: Products that are shelved first are dispatched at the end. 
  • Weighted average method: A cost-focused method that relies on cost optimization. 

Use Case With Inventory

Any product manufactured and stored in a warehousing unit is a use-case for inventory. For example, a merchant sells an average of 60 products per month. The seller manufactured 120 units and sold only 80 units in a particular month. The remaining 40 units are in their inventory.

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